Laws and Penalties: Concerns over growing illegal AAS abuse by teenagers, and many of the just discussed long-term effects, led Congress in 1991 to place the whole AAS class of drugs into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Under this legislation, AAS are defined as any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to T (other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids) that promotes muscle growth. The possession or sale of AAS without a valid prescription is illegal. Since 1991, simple possession of illegally obtained AAS carry a maximum penalty of one year in prison and a minimum $1,000 fine if this is an individual’s first drug offense. The maximum penalty for trafficking (selling or possessing enough to be suspected of selling) is five years in prison and a fine of $250,000 if this is the individual’s first felony drug offense. If this is the second felony drug offense, the maximum period of imprisonment and the maximum fine both double. While the above listed penalties are for federal offenses, individual states have also implemented fines and penalties for illegal use of AAS. State executive offices have also recognized the seriousness of AAS abuse and other drugs of abuse in schools. For example, the State of Virginia enacted a law that will allow student drug testing as a legitimate school drug prevention program (48, 49).
Anabolic steroids are synthetic versions of hormones that human body produces naturally. Their main role is to assure increased physical performance in all sports and athletic pursuits. Steroidal compounds enhance stamina, strength, weight and size of muscles and may improve the energy levels during physical training. Oral and injectable steroids posses the ability to increase athletic performance, have a positive effect on red blood cells production and bones density. The steroids are used in accordance with requirement and needs of any athlete individually. There are special compounds which are not suitable for women and a series of anti-estrogen products which main role is to counter the eventual side effects of steroids use and to restore natural testosterone levels of the human body. These compounds nowadays became an important part of muscle building process among professional athletes and bodybuilders, as well as regular people, males and females that have the goal to become more attractive and exhibit good looks. Follow us on Twitter | Steroids Store - Pinterest .
Injectable steroids are injected into muscle tissue, not into the veins. They are slowly released from the muscles into the rest of the body, and may be detectable for months after last use. Injectable steroids can be oil-based or water-based. Injectable anabolic steroids which are oil-based have longer half-life than water-based steroids. Both steroid types have much longer half-lives than oral anabolic steroids. And this is proving to be a drawback for injectables as they have high probability of being detected in drug screening since their clearance times tend to be longer than orals. Athletes resolve this problem by using injectable testosterone early in the cycle then switch to orals when approaching the end of the cycle and drug testing is imminent.